178. Golden chain
time limit per test: 0.25
sec.
memory limit per test: 4096
KB
input: standard
output: standard
Peter arrived to the city and stayed in the hotel. He has no money but few day's later (maximum N days) he will receive a lot of money. And so he has a golden chain with N links. Peter must pay one link everyday, but he can pay more and take change by some of his links paid before.
When he receives money he will get his chain out of pawn. Peter likes his chain and he wants to break minimal number of links. Help him!
For example, if N=5, he must break one link (the second). After it his chain will consist of 3 parts with lengths 1, 1 and 3.
At the first day he will pay one link, at the second  one link too. Now he have one part consists of three connected links. At the third day he will pay 3linked part and take two separated links (as change) back. On the fourth and fifth day he will pay one link.
You may assume that Peter can choose the way to get change.
Input
Input contains one integer number N (1<=N<=10^16).
Output
In output file you must write one integer number (number of the broken links).
Sample test(s)
Input
9
Output
2
Author:  Vasiliy Astakhov

Resource:  Saratov ST team Spring Contest #1

Date:  18.05.2003

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