288. Best Tournament Schedule
time limit per test: 1
sec.
memory limit per test: 65536
KB
input: standard
output: standard
A Go championship is being set up in Petrozavodsk State University. There are many skilled Go players here, including Qc. But this year he decided to join the organizing committee, and try to create a schedule for the tournament.
The championship will be decided in a roundrobin tournament, that is, for every pair of players there will be exactly one match between them. Qc has to split the matches in tours in such a manner that no competitor plays twice or more in the same tour. Moreover, the number of tours should be made minimal possible.
As you have probably expected, Qc asked you to do this.
Input
The input contains one integer number N (1 <= N <= 2005)  the number of participants.
Output
In the first line output an integer number T  the minimal number of tours. In the following N lines output a NxN matrix containing your schedule. The jth number in the ith row of the matrix is the number of the tour for the match between ith and jth players, tours being numbered from 1 to T. If i=j, this number should be 0. If there are several optimal solutions, output any.
Sample test(s)
Input
Test #1
4
Test #2
5
Output
Test #1
3
0 1 2 3
1 0 3 2
2 3 0 1
3 2 1 0
Test #2
5
0 1 5 4 3
1 0 2 3 5
5 2 0 1 4
4 3 1 0 2
3 5 4 2 0
Author:  Anton Golubev, Petrazavodsk SU

Resource:  Anton Golubev (Hedgehog)'s Contest #2 from Annual Summer Russian Teams Meeting in Petrozavodsk State University

Date:  August 26, 2005

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